Mac M1 install issues with R


I am trying to install AFNI and I complete all of the install steps up until I have to run the user-install script "tcsh OS_notes.macos_12_ARM_b_user.tcsh".

the error message I get is:


setenv R_LIBS /Users/bontlewatson/sw/R-4.3.1

echo export R_LIBS=/Users/bontlewatson/sw/R-4.3.1

echo export R_LIBS=/Users/bontlewatson/sw/R-4.3.1

echo setenv R_LIBS /Users/bontlewatson/sw/R-4.3.1

mkdir -p /Users/bontlewatson/sw/R-4.3.1

rPkgsInstall -pkgs ALL

tee out.rPkgsInstall.txt

** ERROR: Failed to load

and if I check if AFNI is installed correctly it seems okay - this is the output:    - perform various system checks

This program is intended to be helpful for figuring out AFNI installation


   1. -check_all
   2a. -find_prog python
   2b. -find_prog python -exact yes
   3a. -disp_R_ver_for_lib $R_LIBS
   3b. -disp_abin

terminal options:

   -help                : show this help
   -help_dot_files      : show help on shell setup files
   -help_rc_files       : SAME
   -hist                : show program history
   -show_valid_opts     : show valid options for program
   -todo                : show current todo list
   -ver                 : show current version

   NOTE: either a terminal or an action option is required

action options:

   -check_all           : perform all system checks
                          - see section, "details displayed via -check_all"
   -disp_num_cpu        : display number of CPUs available
   -disp_R_ver_for_lib  : display the R version used when building an R library
                          - this refers to those installed by rPkgsInstall,
                            most likely under $R_LIBS
   -disp_abin           : display directory containing 'afni' (or this)
   -disp_ver_afni       : display AFNI package version (else "None")
   -disp_ver_matplotlib : display matplotlib version (else "None")
   -disp_ver_pylibs LIB LIB ... :
                          display versions of given python libraries (else NONE)
                          - use 'ALL' to include the default test list
   -dot_file_list       : list all found dot files (startup files)
   -dot_file_show       : display contents of all found dot files
   -dot_file_pack NAME  : create a NAME.tgz package containing dot files
   -find_prog PROG      : search PATH for PROG
                          - default is *PROG*, case-insensitive
                          - see also -casematch, -exact

other options:

   -casematch yes/no    : match case in -find_prog
   -data_root DDIR      : search for class data under DDIR
   -exact yes/no        : search for PROG without wildcards in -find_prog
   -use_asc_path        : prepend ASC dir to PATH
                          (to test programs in same directory as
   -verb LEVEL          : set the verbosity level

details displayed via -check_all (just run to see):

   general information:
      - CPU, operating system and version, # CPUs, login shell

   AFNI and related tests:
      - which afni, python, R and tcsh, along with versions
      - check for multiple afni packages in PATH
      - check that various AFNI programs run
      - check for AFNI $HOME dot files (.afnirc, .sumarc, etc.)
      - warn on tcsh version 6.22.03

   python libs:
      - check that various python libraries are found and loaded

   environment vars:

   evaluation of dot files:
      - show the output of "init_user_dotfiles -test", restricted
        to shells of interest (user shells plus tcsh)

   data checks:
      - check for AFNI bootcamp data directories and atlases

   OS specific:
      - on linux, check for programs and version of dnf, yum
      - on macs, check for homebrew, fink, flat_namespace, etc.

   final overview:
      - report anything that seems to need fixing for a bootcamp
        (details shown earlier)

I had tried downloading an older version of R (the 3.6.1) and it still has the same error message.

I would appreciate any help - thanks!

That library will be missing if R is not installed before the user build step. Typically, R would be installed as part of this step -

zsh OS_notes.macos_12_ARM_a_admin_pt2.zsh

If you have installed it separately or retry with the previous step, then you can repeat the last step:

tcsh OS_notes.macos_12_ARM_b_user.tcsh

thank you for your response!

I tried your steps and the exact same error message comes up:

- consider monitoring the build in a separate window with:
       cd /Users/bontlewatson
       tail -f /Users/bontlewatson/afni_build/build_src/log_make.txt
       # use ctrl-c to terminate 'tail' command (not the build)
++ building (please be patient)...
** error: failed run_cmd: make AFNI_WHOMADEIT=build itall >& log_make.txt
-- status: building FAILURE
   see 'make' log file /Users/bontlewatson/afni_build/build_src/log_make.txt
** error: tail from log_make.txt:
   make[1]: Entering directory '/Users/bontlewatson/afni_build/build_src'
   clang -arch arm64 -I"/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include" -DNDEBUG -I. -I/opt/homebrew/include -I/opt/X11/include -I/usr/include -Icoxplot -Inifti/nifti2 -Inifti/niftilib -Inifti/nifticdf -Inifti/znzlib -I3DEdge/src -Irickr -Ileej3 -DHAVE_ZLIB -DHAVE_GIFTI -If2c -m64 -Wall -Wno-deprecated-declarations -Wcomment -Wformat -DUSE_TRACING -DHAVE_XDBE -DDONT_USE_MCW_MALLOC  -I/opt/R/arm64/include    -fPIC  -falign-functions=64 -Wall -g -O2  -c R_io.c -o R_io.o
   In file included from R_io.c:1:
   /Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/include/R.h:43:11: fatal error: 'stdlib.h' file not found
   # include <stdlib.h> /* Not used by R itself, but widely assumed in packages */
   1 error generated.
   make[1]: *** [/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources/etc/Makeconf:191: R_io.o] Error 1
   make[1]: Leaving directory '/Users/bontlewatson/afni_build/build_src'
   make: *** [Makefile.INCLUDE:4236:] Error 1

-- shell/system command history is in:

++ screen text history is in:

setenv R_LIBS /Users/bontlewatson/sw/R-4.3.1
echo export R_LIBS=/Users/bontlewatson/sw/R-4.3.1
echo export R_LIBS=/Users/bontlewatson/sw/R-4.3.1
echo setenv R_LIBS /Users/bontlewatson/sw/R-4.3.1
mkdir -p /Users/bontlewatson/sw/R-4.3.1
rPkgsInstall -pkgs ALL
tee out.rPkgsInstall.txt

** ERROR: Failed to load


Could you please run this for the system check and copy+paste the output: -check_all

? (NB: it needs that option to report on your system; otherwise it just shows the help file.)


-------------------------------- general ---------------------------------
architecture: 64bit
cpu type: arm
system: Darwin
release: 23.5.0
version: Darwin Kernel Version 23.5.0: Wed May 1 20:16:51 PDT 2024; root:xnu-10063.121.3~5/RELEASE_ARM64_T8103
distribution: 14.5
number of CPUs: 8
apparent login shell: zsh
shell RC file: .zshrc (exists)

--------------------- AFNI and related program tests ---------------------
which afni :
AFNI_version.txt : AFNI_24.1.22, anyos_text, Jun 21 2024, local
which python : /Users/bontlewatson/fsl/bin/python
python version : 3.11.8
which R : /usr/local/bin/R
R version : R version 4.3.1 (aarch64-apple-darwin20)

instances of various programs found in PATH:
afni : 0
R : 1 (/Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/4.3-arm64/Resources/bin/R)
python : 2
python2 : 0
python3 : 3

** have python3 but not python2

testing ability to start various programs...
afni : FAILURE
/bin/sh: afni: command not found
suma : FAILURE
/bin/sh: suma: command not found
3dSkullStrip : FAILURE
/bin/sh: 3dSkullStrip: command not found
3dAllineate : FAILURE
/bin/sh: 3dAllineate: command not found
/bin/sh: 3dRSFC: command not found
SurfMesh : FAILURE
/bin/sh: SurfMesh: command not found
3dClustSim : FAILURE
/bin/sh: 3dClustSim: command not found : success
Error in library(data.table) : there is no package called ‘data.table’
Calls: source ... suppressPackageStartupMessages -> withCallingHandlers -> library
Execution halted

------------------------ dependent program tests -------------------------
checking for dependent programs...

which tcsh : /bin/tcsh
tcsh version : 6.21.00
which Xvfb : /opt/X11/bin/Xvfb

checking for R packages...
rPkgsInstall -pkgs ALL -check : FAILURE

R RHOME : /Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Resources

------------------------------ python libs -------------------------------

++ module loaded: matplotlib.pyplot
module file : /Users/bontlewatson/fsl/lib/python3.11/site-packages/matplotlib/
matplotlib version : 3.8.4

++ module loaded: flask
module file : /Users/bontlewatson/fsl/lib/python3.11/site-packages/flask/
flask version : 3.0.3

** failed to load module flask_cors
-- flask_cors is not required, but is desirable

-------------------------------- env vars --------------------------------
PATH = /Users/bontlewatson/install/bin:/Applications/freesurfer//bin:/Applications/freesurfer//fsfast/bin:/Users/bontlewatson/fsl/bin:/Users/bontlewatson/fsl/share/fsl/bin:/Applications/freesurfer//mni/bin:/opt/homebrew/bin:/opt/homebrew/sbin:/Users/bontlewatson/fsl/share/fsl/bin:/Users/bontlewatson/fsl/share/fsl/bin:/usr/local/bin:/System/Cryptexes/App/usr/bin:/usr/bin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin:/var/run/

R_LIBS = /Users/bontlewatson/sw/R-4.3.1
DYLD_LIBRARY_PATH (sub-shell) = /Applications/freesurfer//lib/gcc/lib

----------------------------- eval dot files -----------------------------

----------- AFNI $HOME files -----------

.afnirc                   : found
.sumarc                   : missing
.afni/help/all_progs.COMP : missing

--------- shell startup files ----------

-- good: .tcshrc seems to contain 'source .cshrc'
-- considered operations: path, apsearch

-- note: followers should not need edits, so edit flags should be 0
(have 1 follower(s), which can be ignored)

no modifications needed across 3 dot files

------------------------------ data checks -------------------------------
data dir : missing AFNI_data6
data dir : missing AFNI_demos
data dir : missing suma_demo
data dir : missing afni_handouts
atlas : did not find TT_N27+tlrc

------------------------------ OS specific -------------------------------
XQuartz version : 2.8.5

which brew : /opt/homebrew/bin/brew
brew version : Homebrew 4.3.9-16-gb098b4c

========================= summary, please fix: =========================

  • just be aware: login shell 'zsh', but our code examples use 'tcsh'
  • missing program: afni
  • failure under initial "AFNI and related program tests"
  • AFNI programs show FAILURE
  • missing R packages (see rPkgsInstall)
  • please run: "suma -update_env" for .sumarc
  • please run: apsearch -update_all_afni_help
  • insufficient data for AFNI bootcamp
    (see "Prepare for Bootcamp" on install pages)
  • possibly missing atlases
  • consider installing gcc under homebrew
  • consider installing glib under homebrew

I also tried running the lines they suggested and this was the output:
bontlewatson@Bontles-MacBook-Air ~ % "suma -update_env" for .sumarc

zsh: command not found: suma -update_env

bontlewatson@Bontles-MacBook-Air ~ % apsearch -update_all_afni_help

zsh: command not found: apsearch